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TABLE OF CONTENTS Mar 17 - 23, 2014 Volume 100 Number 5 - 3 comments

The age of paternalism is gone: Bob Rae

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By: Trish Saywell
2014-03-12

Progress is being made at the bargaining table on a framework agreement between the Matawa Tribal Council and the provincial government on advancing the Ring of Fire, said former Ontario premier Bob Rae, who represents the council in the negotiations, during a panel discussion at the Prospectors & Developers Association of Canada convention in Toronto.

But he warned it required a lot of work, and “refuses to give in to the sentiment that says this has got to be done in two weeks, two months or four months.”

He said that “this has got to be done right, and it has to be done in a way that shows real understanding and respect for the people whose lives are going to be more impacted than the lives of anyone in this room.”

Rae argued that the First Nations must be consulted differently than they have been in the past. Ontario is a province that has relied on mining for development for over 150 years, he pointed out, but “this development has taken place without particularly benefitting First Nations communities.”

Rae says the ways this project or this part of Ontario could benefit from growth and prosperity are “really quite simple.” You have to persuade the First Nations that the project is environmentally sustainable [there are four major river systems, and the area is described as one of the country’s remaining “pristine wildernesses”]; ensure there will be infrastructure improvements, and available jobs and training; decrease poverty; and make permanent improvements in revenue as a result of the profits from projects.

“Every single one of the communities in the Ring of Fire is effectively on welfare,” he said. “Not only personally are people on welfare, but the communities themselves are on welfare. The communities are completely dependent on government handouts for their survival.”

Rae said that in his travels and discussions with First Nations communities, it is clear that they want jobs and work, but they also want “respect and a degree of dignity,” and an understanding that they have a claim to use the land and its benefits, which he says goes back several millennia.

“The arrival of European settlement has not brought with it great prosperity, and it has not brought with it great benefit yet,” he said. “And it’s up to our generation — it seems to me — to show that we can have this kind of development, and that it will benefit people who have been living on the margins of society — on the margins of economic prosperity — for a very long time.”

He said that “for those of you who have not been on a reserve or in a remote community for some time, the level and degree of poverty, the challenge that families face and the difficulties people face every single day are huge, and we have to address those issues as quickly as we address the other issues.”

Rae argued that if stakeholders get it right, in the near future there won’t be any significant unemployment among the First Nations communities that are close to the Ring of Fire. But he warned that it can’t happen right away because it requires a lot of work in terms of improving education and skills training, and alleviating social challenges on and off the reserve. 

“The first thing we have to look at is the scandal of education in terms of underfunding,” he said. He also pointed to what he described as the “prescription drug epidemic” that has devastated the communities in Treaty No. 9.

He noted that colleges and universities in northwestern Ontario are working to make aboriginal students feel at home in their institutions. But it takes time to foster skilled trades. “You don’t create a skilled tradesperson in a year, or two or three,” he continued. “It takes a serious policy of apprenticeship, it takes a serious policy on what curriculum is being offered in high school — even in elementary school.”

On the bright side he noted that there are many examples in Canada where individuals and communities have transformed as a result of permanent employment. And the willingness to engage is there, he said. He pointed to instances across the country where First Nations communities have — either as a business or a community — built transmission lines and created infrastructure. “We’re seeing lots of examples where it’s the First Nations themselves who are saying: ‘We will build this, we will take responsibility for the contracts and for moving it forward,’ and when that happens, it becomes a positive development for people.”

One success story, he said, comes from the other side of James Bay, where he argues communities have been transformed over the last 20 years as a result of decisions by the Cree leadership, the Quebec government and Quebec Hydro. “We are on the verge of the same potential [in Ontario] if we get it right,” he said.

“We have to make it happen. The age of paternalism where people will say ‘we’re just going to do it this way and we’ll give you a few crumbs off the side of the table’ — and that’s the way it’s always been done — that age is gone.”



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Bob Rae.
Bob Rae.

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Reader Comments

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stewart jackson

Until roads and railroads are built to northern communities they will languish in an economic backwater. The monies squandered on flying all equipment and supplies into remote areas, and the constraints of supply by ice roads in winter automatically put all northern projects, and all northern communities into a dismal astronomically expensive situation.

Quebec has managed to build roads. Alberta built roads to the oil sands and to the Hay River and Pine Point areas. Even BC managed to build a road from Atlin to connect with the south. Anyone who has worked in the north and tried to prosper in northern projects understands how prejudiced the cost structure is. Politicians with their lack of knowledge and appreciation make more and more rules and constraints, and then wonder why it does not work.

The fishermen without work in Newfoundland and Labrador figured out there were jobs to support their families in Fort McMurray. Perhaps a lot of other remote populations, indigenous and nonindigenous should be encouraged to follow suit instead of expecting jobs to automatically come to them.

Alaska figured out a way to settle land claims, and worked out a system of sharing from those less well endowed terrains with those of more blessed ( the north slope oil). Is it so difficult to consider this concept elsewhere???

Posted March 7, 2014 06:44 PM


Michael Wiebe

This is typical of a politician to provide only one side to the issue where basically it sounds like Mining companies basically do what they want, where ever they want and do not provide any compensation to any stakeholders. Mr Rae, with respect to your great facility as a spokesman, please give credit due when credit is due. Government regulations have been in place for decades on resource development and every year brings more and more regulations and the end result is that business is facing an never ending changing hurdle of obstacles before they can successfully develop a new business. Whether its in downtown Toronto or in the middle of the bush in Northern Ontario, the business world is more complex than ever. Good companies have tried to do the right things for decades and it's supposed to be the role of government to make the business process as transparent as possible. In conclusion, please put as much blame on government bureaucracy as on business practices as to why in 2014 that we still have major controversial roadblocks in dealing with First Nations and mineral development.

Posted March 6, 2014 03:15 PM


gerald lohuis

Hi Ring of Fire has been compared to OILS SANDS of Alberta.So since we need jobs in Ontario I propose government start infrastructure build roads & railway to improve way of life in James Bay Lowlands.That's how the West was born.Build railways to Transport chromite quickly to market.U.S has taken all our jobs to headquarters back in U.S.A.It is up to Govt.to open up northern Ontario in a major way.There are lots of jobs & spinoff jobs as a result.There is between $60-120 billion of ore in ground to fiance such a project.Everyone wins ,so delay no longer & get folks back to work.

Posted March 5, 2014 11:37 AM


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